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The framework for Sustainable Development Goals was first proposed in 2012 during a United Nations Conference in Rio de Janeiro.

It was adopted by the UN in 2015 as a universal call to action in raising awareness about global issues that are affecting every nation. The agency states that they intend to achieve all of these goals by the year 2030.

What Are Sustainable Development Goals?

Sustainable Development Goals comprise 17 global goals that aim to achieve a better and sustainable future for every nation.

To attain its global goals, it calls for the urgent undertaking on global issues that include economic, political, poverty, peace and justice, environmental degradation, equality, and global warming.

What Is the Relevance of SDG?

Sustainable Development Goals concentrates on raising awareness across the globe of the challenges we are currently facing. Also, they put up solutions on how we can combat them and encourage each individual to contribute — no matter how small or big they may be.

Each of us can make a difference even in the simplest gesture, and one way we can help is by being more environmentally responsible. By being more conscious of our actions, we reduce carbon footprints and lessen the carbon emissions that affect climate change.

What are SDGs trying to achieve?

Sustainable Development Goals focus on creating a better future by taking action on global issues like:



Health and well-being


Clean water and sanitarium


Clean energy

Economic growth

Industry, innovation, and infrastructure

Reduced inequality

Sustainable communities

Responsible consumption and production

Climate change/global warming

Life below water

Life on land

Peace and justice strong institution

Partnerships to achieve the goal

How Are SDGs Shaping the Way Governments Are Approaching Sustainability Issues?

Each nation’s government has a huge role in helping the UN achieve its targets and goals. The government can implement policies and standards that are per the guidelines of Sustainable Development Goals.

Among the top performers in the implementation of SDG, standards include Finland (85.90), Sweden (85.61), Denmark (84.86), Germany (82.48), and Belgium (82.19).

However, not all countries are in full compliance since its foundation in 2015. Some of the nations in the lower ranks in the SDG index include South Sudan, Somalia, and the Central African Republic.

For the UN to effectively implement SDG guidelines, they need the cooperation of each nation. Without addressing these concerns, it would be very difficult for the agency to achieve its goal by 2030.

Final Thoughts

The purpose of the United Nations in creating the framework for the Sustainable Development Goals can definitely deliver improvement in the lives of many.

Although it has specific challenges at the national level, each individual can still contribute to helping the world achieve its goals, even in the smallest of gestures.

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